Penshaw Monument

Although often called “Penshaw Monument”, the correct title of the structure is The Earl of Durham’s Monument. The monument stands on Penshaw Hill, the name of which is derived from a mixture of Celtic and Anglo-Saxon words. Pen is aBrythonic or Cumbric word for hill, as in the name Penrith; shaw is derived from sceaga meaning “wooded area”; and finally the Old/Middle/Modern English word “hill”. The name thus means “wooded-hill hill”. The 136-metre (446 ft) hill on which the monument stands was presented by Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of […]